The skin of pigs is generally dry by default because of the absence of pores and sweat glands on their bodies. This makes it important for the owner to take a lot of care of their pet’s skin which is more prone to various skin infections. The owner must make sure the pig’s skin stays clean and hydrated.
A pig’s diet plays an important role in keeping their skin healthy. Following nutrients must be well included in their diet, such that none of the deficiencies become a reason for skin issues. In some cases, even supplements are required for skin healthiness.
Following are the essential vitamins and minerals for the pigs required to maintain the well-being of their skin:
• Vitamin D3
Sunlight helps the body produce vitamin D3 which is necessary for the skin. Indoor, the pigs are not accessible to enough sunlight so one can give Vitamin D3 supplements of=r make sure the pig gets to go out and be in sunlight for about half an hour or 15 minutes as per the condition of the skin. A healthy skin might only be satisfied with sunlight while supplements may be required for less healthy skin.
• Vitamin E and Selenium
These are the most important supplements that are otherwise also wanted in a pig’s body. Their deficiency can not only harm the skin but also cause other fatal ailments. Therefore, every owner must make sure to include these in the form of capsules or as per the prescription of a vet in the diet of their mini pig.
• Vitamin B Complex (especially biotin)
Vitamin B complex (biotin being most important) along with other trace vitamins and minerals are quite significant when it comes to a pig’s skin. They must be well present in their diet or given otherwise. These are present in the commercial pig food and have also been formulated for horses and can be safely used for pigs as well.
• Dietary Fat
Dietary fat keeps the hair skin and hooves nourished and healthy. It can be given in the form of animal fat which is easily available at grocery or departmental stores. Coconut oil is also good and serves the same purpose only that dietary fat is more effective. If the pig has more rough skin, then animal fat is preferred over coconut oil.
• Regular Diet
A pig’s regular diet must be well balanced with the inclusion of all nutrients, vitamins, and minerals as per their requirement in the body. It must consist of wholesome green leafy vegetables and natural food or pig pellets available commercially. All these keep the metabolism active and are good for the skin as well.
Apart from these, a pig must consume the plenty amount of water to stay hydrated so that the skin stays fresh. It must take a regular bath to avoid insect or parasitic infections. General dryness can be treated by the application of coconut oil or aloe vera gel which works well for the skin of a pig. A good owner must know all this so that the skin of the pig, which easily catches infections, stays healthy and hydrated.
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